Renewable Energy


The State of Brandenburg is further expanding renewable sources of energy

The State is putting the focus on an innovative energy and climate protection policy which is orientated towards energy efficiency and energy conservation, but also emphasises renewable energy. This will contribute to a reduction in harmful greenhouse gases, the conservation of natural resources and the strengthening of Brandenburg as a business location, and the independence from imports.

Erneuerbare Energien (© Thaut Images, Energien © Thaut Images, www.fotolia.comOne aim of Brandenburg's energy and climate protection policy is the further expansion of renewable energy. At the moment, around 11m tonnes of carbon dioxide are avoided annually with the current state of development. A further, not insignificant aspect of the expansion of renewable energy, is the retention and expansion of future-orientated jobs and value creation in the region. The State Government has formulated the energy and climate policy aim, which means that renewable energy will have at least a 32 percent (%) (at least 170 PJ) share of primary energy consumption. In relation to future energy consumption, the following aims are to be achieved: 

  • Share of electricity consumption: 100 % 
  • Share of heating consumption: 39 % 
  • Share of transport (including aviation): 8 %. 

In total, 44 % (88 PJ) of the forecast end consumption for energy for 2030 would therefore be covered by renewable energy.

Conversion key
1 TWh = 1000 GWh
3.6 PJ = 1000 GWh
1 GWh = 1m kWh

PJ - Petajoule
TWh - Terawatt hour
GWh - Gigawatt hour
kWh - Kilowatt hour

This expansion, which in part has already been realised, is not an end in itself. An important climate protection effect and the basis for the future energy industry is associated with this expansion. 30 % of the electricity consumption in Berlin and Brandenburg is now produced by wind farms. By the year 2030, it is calculated that renewable energy will be able to meet all of the electricity needs in Berlin and Brandenburg. Wind energy will make up 80 % of the total. Classic carbon-intensive baseload power stations will become superfluous and the need for flexible power stations and storage technology will grow. Besides the repowering of old wind farms, it will remain necessary to designate appropriate wind areas (approx. 645 bis 675 km2) to secure a net usage area of 2 % of the land surface. In order to reach this goal forested areas will also be included in the creation and updating of regional plans. This will revise a guideline that provides information about the particular requirement in this context and should unify the approach.

The top position among renewable sources of energy in Brandenburg is occupied by wind power with 7.9 TWh in 2011. This is to be expanded to a total of 80 PJ or 22.2 TWh by 2030. Of the around 20,000 jobs in the energy sector, over 9,000 are accounted for by the different operations in the area of renewable energy (including suppliers and maintenance work, among others). In Brandenburg, more people now work in the area of renewable energy than in electricity generation with lignite.

Solar energy generation is to be expanded to over 11.7 PJ or 3.25 TWh by 2030. It will ensure CO2-free electricity generation and value creation for the region. In 2012, the annex was in the photovoltaic performance as in 2011 greater than in the wind. This is due to the creation of solar farms, which are not only more effective than solar panels on roofs, but also contribute to the reduction in price of PV modules.

In expanding renewable energy, Brandenburg has put the emphasis on the environmentally-friendly and sustainable use of biomass in its Biomass Strategy. The provision of electricity, heat and fuels from biogenic materials already achieved the strategic target (58 PJ PEV share for 2030) through the increase in the burning of biomass in conventional power stations and the increase in processing in refineries (currently over 60 PJ). Further development will not be limited to the quantitative expansion of bio-energy plants, but increasingly it will feature the raising of energy efficiency and the intensified use of biogenic waste material. Examples for the focus of future expansion include combined heat and power, feeding in bio-methane into the natural gas network, using the potential of livestock manure and the multiple use of biomass and bio-refineries.

The greatest incentive for the expansion of renewable energy is provided by the Renewable Energies Act (EEG) and the related support programmes at the federal and state level. The feed-in tariffs set out in the Renewable Energies Act (EEG) are on a diminishing scale. They not only create planning security for investment in electricity-producing plants, but also favour increasing energy efficiency and the development of innovative technologies. A comparable instrument for heat production was created by the Renewable Energies Heating Act (EEWärmeG).

Parallel to this, initiatives and plans for the further expansion of renewable energy will be developed in regional and state planning, as well as in inter-ministerial working groups for implementing energy and climate protection measures.

The activities in the state are accompanied by the "Brandenburg Energy Initiative - ETI", the "Brandenburg Future Agency - ZAB", the regional planning offices and the regional Bio-energy Advice Service. Furthermore, there are numerous initiatives at both local and private levels which actively promote the expansion of renewable energy.

Various forms of operating companies and financial investment opportunities and highlighted are presented with examples in a brochure of the North Rhine-Westphalia Energy Agency under the heading "Climate with people's energy systems".

Letzte Aktualisierung: 20.12.2017

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MLUL, Abteilung Umwelt,
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Kerstin Ochmann
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Landesamt für Umwelt
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